Palladium Electroplating Solution

$1,872.00$6,739.00

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SKU: ELN-EC9-100N-01 Category: .

Product Details

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Description

Packaging

1 liter or 1 gal poly bottles meeting UN requirements, unless otherwise specified.

Quality and Deposits Characteristics

  • Young Modulus of 100 GPa
  • Elastic limit up to 400 MPa
  • Texture (111) and (200)
  • Grain sizes in the range of 10 – 25 nm

Features and Benefits

  • Deposits have low internal stress
  • Surfaces are uniform and smooth with well-controlled thickness and excellent uniformity
  • As plated Pd films are nanocrystalline.

General description

Palladium electroplating chemicals and processesare designed for the fabrication of low stress, smooth and nanostructuredpalladium films.

 
 

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Download Safety Data Sheet Contact NANO3D SYSTEMS LLC for Certificate of Analysis.


SPECIFICATION

Palladium Electroplating Solution
ELN-EC9-100N-01
COMPOSITION:

ASSAY SPECIFICATION TEST METHOD
PdCl2 · 2H2O     50 ± 5 g/L 50 ± 5 g/L Titration
NH4Cl 20± 0.3 g/L Titration
Grain refiner 0.3 ± 0.03 g/L Titration
pH (NH4OH) 9.5 ± 0.1 @ 23 oC± 1 C   pH meter

 

 

Metals

 

Al (Aluminum)

 

 

< 5 ppm

 

 

ICPMS

 

 

 

As (Arsenic)

< 2 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Ba (Barium)

<5 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Bi (Bismuth)

<5 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Ca (Calcium)

< 10 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Cu (Copper)

< 30 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Cd (Cadmium)

< 1 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Co (Cobalt)

< 1 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Cl (Chloride)

< 200 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

K (Potassium)

<1 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Mg (Magnesium)

< 200 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Mn (Manganese)

< 1000 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Pb (Lead)

< 2 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Zn (Zinc)

< 20 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Hg (Mercury)

< 1 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

P (Phosphorous)

<5 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Mo (Molybdenum)

<5 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Li (Lithium)

<5 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 

Sr (Strontium)

<5 ppm

ICPMS

 

 

 


 

Particles                       
(> 0.25 mm)

 

≤ 200 counts/ml

 

Laser Particle Counter

SHELF LIFE: This solution has 12 months shelf life.

PACKAGING:1 literor 1 gal poly bottles meeting UN requirements, unless otherwise specified.

Additional Info

CESS CONDITIONS WINDOW

pH 9.5 – 10
Temperature, (0C) 18 – 25 oC
Current density (mA/cm2) 5 – 10
Current efficiency 98%
Anode Platinized Titanium